Medically Supervised Detox Denton – Call (940) 222-4228 and Find Help Today!
The term “medically supervised detox” is actually a blanket term for a range of different treatment methods. All of these methods use medically supervised, controlled techniques to help someone withdraw from addictive substances, including drugs and alcohol. During this period, the process is fully supervised by a physician.
When people abuse drugs or alcohol, they can become physically dependent on them. This means that, if they stop taking the substance, they will start to experience withdrawal symptoms, which can be unpleasant at best and lethal at worst. This is why they must go through a period of detoxification in which the body rids itself of all the toxins that are still in the body as a result of the drug or alcohol abuse. Let’s take a look at the different types of medically supervised detox.
Denton Medical Detox
In order for someone to be able to safely withdraw from an addictive substance, it may sometimes be preferable – or even necessary – to detox in a medically supervised setting, such as a residential treatment center with a detox unit or in a hospital. This is usually the recommended course of action for those who have used substances for long periods of time, and who are therefore more likely to have severe withdrawal symptoms. It is also recommended for those who suffer from other medical problems, be they physical or mental.
During an inpatient stay, patients can be monitored around the clock. They will, if and when necessary, be prescribed medication to help ease the severity of the withdrawal symptoms. Usually, they will be given ever decreasing dosages of a certain agent, which is a process known as “tapering”. The agent is a safer alternative to the drug that the patient is addicted to.
Another form of medically supervised detox is rapid detoxification. Here, patients are placed under general anesthesia, so that they effectively sleep through the detox process. They are given opiate blockers through an intravenous injection. These blockers stop the working of opiate drugs and narcotics. Simultaneously, patients will be provided with injections that lower withdrawal symptoms, such as anti-nausea medication and muscle relaxants. In so doing, patients are able to withdraw rapidly from their addiction’s physical side effects. Commonly used opiate blockers include nalmephine, naloxone, and naltrexone, and they enable physical detox to be completed in between four and eight hours. This treatment must be provided in a hospital’s intensive care unit, however, and patients must remain there for 48 hours, once it is clear that they have recovered properly from the anesthetic, and that they are physically able to return to society (or, preferably, to a rehab center).
Rapid detox is very popular because it significantly lowers the stress experienced due to the withdrawal from opiates for someone who has a chemical dependency on narcotics, such as prescription painkillers, hydrocodone, oxycodone, codeine, morphine, opium, OxyContin, Darvocet, Dilaudid, Demerol, Percocet, Vicodin, or heroin, to name but a few. As the name suggests, the detox period is very short, which means the patient does not have to go through many days of withdrawal and physical discomfort. It is particularly beneficial for those who would otherwise suffer very severe withdrawal symptoms, or for those who have tried to go through withdrawal in conventional ways in the past, but who have failed. However, rapid detox is a very expensive form of detox, and it must be made clear that there are serious risks associated with it as well. The procedure must be completed by highly trained medical professionals in a medical facility that is equipped to cope with the various complications that can happen as a result of this type of detox.
Stepped Rapid Detoxification
This is an alternative to rapid detox whereby patients are injected with Naloxone (Narcan) just underneath the skin around once an hour. At the same time, they are provided with medication to help reduce the feelings resulting from withdrawal. These are generally provided orally and only if required. This is type of detox is slightly slower than intravenous detox because the drugs are administered orally and subcutaneously. It is paced, which means it is a lot more controlled and responses can be given to specific withdrawal symptoms as and when they occur. If they appear, patients will be provided with Buprenorphine to suck on, which helps them resolve the situation. Depending on the level of addiction, patients can detox and stabilize using Naltrexone Maintenance Therapy using just two to four bites. Naltrexone completely blocks all the endorphin receptors in the brain, which means that using any kind of drug would be ineffective, which is another big positive about this type of treatment.
Ultra Rapid Detoxification
With ultra rapid detox, patients are placed under general anesthesia and provided with Naltrexone. As previously stated, this blocks all the endorphin receptors. This makes the withdrawal process go by even more quickly, taking between five minutes and half an hour for a person to be 100% detoxified from addictive substance. This is incredibly painful, but as the patients are placed under general anesthesia, they are able to manage it. It is, however, incredibly costly and the risks are even greater than with regular rapid detox.
If patients are likely to experience only mild withdrawal symptoms, they may be able to use outpatient medical detoxification. This is very safe and effective. People who have an opiate addiction, for instance, can attend a center to receive buprenorphine-naloxone (BUP/NX) or clonidine, either on its own, or in conjunction with naltrexone. The FDA has approved Buprenex, which can also be provided on an outpatient basis, but only if physicians have taken part in the eight hour training courses. With Buprenex, it can take between one and two weeks for people to detox from their chosen substance.
Methadone is the most commonly used treatment to help people detox from opiate addiction. It can only be provided in approved clinics, and is prescribed in such a way that the patient tapers down all the way to zero. This should be possible within a 21 day period. However, when using methadone, withdrawal symptoms are present and the result is that some patients may still continue to use drugs.